In the beginning of this month, Russia stated it might not reopen its foremost Nord Stream 1 pipeline to produce Europe – the newest in a string of provide cuts, which Moscow blames on Western sanctions imposed over its invasion of Ukraine.
The European Commission is because of set out the EU proposals on Wednesday and governments can then thrash out the small print, presumably approving them at a Sept. 30 assembly of vitality ministers.
Here’s what’s in a draft of the European Fee’s upcoming proposals, seen by Reuters.
WINDFALL LEVY ON NON-GAS POWER PLANTS
The draft EU proposal would claw again income from electrical energy mills that don’t run on fuel and require governments to spend the money on cushioning shoppers and business from hovering vitality payments.
Within the EU system, fuel crops usually set the value of electrical energy. Non-gas fuelled energy crops promote their electrical energy on the ensuing excessive costs – despite the fact that they don’t have to pay large payments for fuel.
Brussels desires to skim off any extra income that wind, photo voltaic, nuclear and biomass crops make underneath this method, based on the draft, which might change earlier than it’s revealed.
The measure would apply a value restrict per megawatt hour on the income these mills get for his or her energy available in the market. The income cap can be utilized after energy transactions are settled, so it might indirectly have an effect on costs in Europe’s exchange-traded electrical energy market, the draft stated. It could exclude revenues made out of authorities subsidy schemes.
Coal crops wouldn’t be coated as a result of their gas prices have additionally elevated sharply this yr, the draft stated.
A draft of the proposal, seen by Reuters on Tuesday, included a 180 euro/MWh income restrict – decrease than the 200eur/MWh included in a earlier draft.
That will cap mills’ revenues at lower than half of present market costs. Germany’s front-year electrical energy value hit a report excessive of greater than 1000 euros/MWh final month and is at the moment buying and selling at round 460 euros/MWh.
Business teams say most of Europe’s wind farms aren’t reaping windfall income from excessive vitality costs as a result of they promote their energy underneath fixed-price contracts, lots of them authorities assist schemes – elevating questions on how a lot cash the EU measure would elevate.
PROFIT SHARING FOR FOSSIL FUEL FIRMS
Corporations which have made bumper income from promoting fossil fuels at report costs can be required to make a monetary contribution to assist residents and industries grappling with sky-high payments, underneath the EU’s draft plans.
EU nations would introduce a short lived windfall revenue levy for oil, fuel, coal and refining firms established within the EU. It could apply to 33% of those corporations’ “taxable surplus income made within the fiscal yr 2022”, based on the draft.
Nations together with Italy have already launched a windfall revenue tax on vitality corporations. The draft stated Brussels would put in place a minimal fee for all EU nations, however governments might select to go larger.
ELECTRICITY DEMAND CUT
The draft EU proposal would impose a compulsory goal for nations to chop electrical energy consumption this winter, to make sure Europe has sufficient gas to final the colder months.
EU fuel storage is now 84% full, exceeding the EU’s pre-winter filling goal. However analysts say Europe will nonetheless must slash fuel use over winter, to keep away from storage amenities working dry. EU nations have already agreed to curb their fuel demand this winter – and electrical energy use could possibly be subsequent.
EU nations can be required to curb their energy use by 5% in the course of the 10% of hours with the best electrical energy demand every month, the draft stated – a transfer it stated might curb fuel use within the energy sector by round 4% over a four-month interval.
EMERGENCY LIQUIDITY FOR POWER FIRMS
EU nations have additionally tasked Brussels with designing “emergency liquidity devices” to assist vitality firms dealing with hovering collateral wants.
Utilities promote some energy prematurely to safe a sure value however should submit a money deposit with exchanges in case they default earlier than the ability is produced. Hovering energy costs have meant corporations should submit larger margin deposits, leaving some struggling to seek out the additional money.
EU officers stated plans for emergency liquidity assist have been nonetheless being drafted, and would possible be revealed later than Wednesday. A word revealed by the Fee final week talked about some choices that EU policymakers are exploring.
“This would possibly contain accepting a wider vary of belongings as collateral for margining objective, facilitating collateral transformation, financial institution ensures and, as a liquidity supplier, contain state assure schemes to assist such liquidity mechanisms,” the Fee word stated.
NO GAS PRICE CAP
The draft EU proposal didn’t embrace a fuel value cap – an concept that has divided the bloc’s member states.
EU nations have requested Brussels to suggest a cap however disagree on whether or not this could apply to all imported fuel, pipeline flows or wholesale fuel buying and selling.
Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark oppose a common fuel value cap, warning that it might depart nations struggling to draw provides in price-competitive world markets, and endanger Europe’s winter vitality safety.
Italy and Poland are among the many supporters that say capping fuel costs would pull down payments for residents and industries.
The EU has additionally backed away from an earlier plan to impose a value cap on Russian fuel. Nations together with Hungary and Austria had opposed that concept in case Moscow retaliated by chopping off the dwindling provides it nonetheless sends to the EU.