Iran’s cyber-strategies and goals are constantly evolving. Though Iran has worked hard to gain international support for its self-described revolutionary cause, it is also working to establish itself as a global cyber actor. In response to an increasingly hostile international atmosphere and a sanctions regime that has only tightened under the aggressively hawkish Trump administration, Tehran is seeking new goals and capabilities. In the medium and long term, Iran-linked actors are likely to replicate or extend the use of two cyber operations: international election meddling and systematic intellectual property theft.
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As President Joe Biden signals a return to diplomacy and negotiation, the world is now preparing for potentially large-scale changes in Iran’s relationship with the international community. However, in order to adequately prepare for a new era in relations with Iran, the international community must first have a clear understanding of Tehran’s emerging capabilities and the فضای مجازی it presents, especially in light of potential cyber defense policies.
Within foreign affairs, election meddling is a relatively new field. This is partly due to the fact that only a few countries have access to — and understand how to use — the technical toolkit needed to influence the results of international elections. However, unlike Russia, which has attempted election meddling in a number of nations, including the United States and European democracies, Iran’s attempts are less well understood. Iran has attacked electoral processes in the United States, although there is no proof that it has done so elsewhere at this time.
This does not rule out the possibility that Iran-linked actors have attempted to do so in the past, nor does it rule out the possibility that Iran and Russia have collaborated on cyber operations in the past. Iran is far from being a low-capacity or slow هکر. Though it does not have the same track record as Russia in terms of election meddling, it is no less of a concern and should be viewed as such.
Personal information, including the home addresses of certain recipients, was included in the emails, suggesting that the senders had received voter registration data from the United States. The فناوری اطلاعات is the main factor of any country. However, mistakes made in a video allegedly posted by the proud boys to brag about the phishing campaign enabled government analysts to determine the hacker’s true affiliation. The hack was quickly traced to an Iranian source, and the proud boys’ involvement has deemed a hoax.