Web migration to the UK rose to a file excessive of greater than half 1,000,000 folks within the yr to June 2022, in line with figures revealed by the Workplace for Nationwide Statistics on Thursday.
The surge in long-term arrivals to the UK was pushed by a post-pandemic rebound in worldwide examine and by inflows of Ukrainian and Afghan refugees and Hong Kong residents. Abroad recruitment by UK employers — the NHS specifically — additionally contributed.
“Brexit has not lowered internet migration . . . The tip of free motion doesn’t imply the UK is closed to migrants; simply open another way,” stated Jonathan Portes, professor at King’s School, London. However he added that future flows had been unlikely to stay at present ranges, and it was too quickly to say whether or not total work-related migration would improve.
The ONS labels Thursday’s estimates as provisional and experimental as a result of they’re primarily based on new methodology, drawing on administrative information collected by totally different authorities departments, and will not be immediately comparable with earlier figures.
However the brand new information point out that internet migration within the 12 months to June trebled from the earlier yr — when the pandemic weighed on worldwide journey — to round double its historic common.
Jay Lindop, director of the ONS’ Centre for Worldwide Migration, stated an “unprecedented” collection of world occasions — together with the tip of coronavirus lockdowns, the post-Brexit transition, Ukrainian struggle and resettlement of Afghans and Hong Kong British nationals, had all contributed to “file ranges of long-term immigration”. This meant it was too early to say whether or not increased inward migration would proceed.
Nonetheless, the figures supply probably the most full indication to this point of how the post-Brexit modifications in UK migration coverage are affecting the inhabitants.
Greg Thwaites, analysis director on the Decision Basis, stated the information instructed that migration patterns had “essentially shifted post-Brexit”, with extra EU residents now leaving the UK than coming to the nation.
Of the 1.1mn individuals who got here to remain in Britain long-term within the yr to June 2022, 704,000 had been from outdoors the EU, the ONS stated — a rise of 379,000 from the earlier yr.
In contrast, EU nationals accounted for nearly half of the 560,000 who emigrated from the UK long-term in the identical interval, with 51,000 extra EU nationals leaving than arrived.
The general internet migration determine of 504,000 for the yr to June compares with official estimates that internet migration will finally settle at simply above 200,000 a yr.
The ONS additionally revised down its migration estimates for the earlier two years. It now places internet migration for the yr to June 2020 at 88,000, a complete that grew to 173,000 for the yr to June 2021.
The ONS stated the quickest development in visa issuance through the previous yr was for college kids. Many of those will go away the UK on the finish of their programs, though a latest leisure in visa guidelines might enable extra to remain and work once they graduate than in earlier years.
Schemes for Ukrainians, Afghans and Hong Kong residents accounted for 140,000 of the online migration complete. However the figures don’t embody individuals who arrived by way of clandestine irregular routes, such because the estimated 35,000 who got here by small boats over the identical interval.