Army briefing: Speedy Kharkiv offensive reveals Ukraine’s momentum

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On the morning of September 8, Vitaly Ganchev, a Russian-appointed administrative head of the Kharkiv area in occupied north-eastern Ukraine, boasted about how an assault by Ukrainian forces had been repulsed and brought heavy losses. The important thing metropolis of Balkaliia, he advised Russian state tv, was “below our management”.

By that afternoon, nevertheless, a number of movies posted on social media confirmed Ukrainian troops streaming throughout what Ganchev had earlier claimed was Russian-occupied territory. One video confirmed Ukrainian troopers hoisting a flag above the city of Balkaliia. One other confirmed delighted pensioners welcoming in troopers for pancakes.

That night, Ukraine’s president Volodymyr Zelenskyy claimed that Ukrainian forces had taken greater than 1,000 sq km of territory.

“We’re shifting ahead,” Normal Valeriy Zaluzhnyi, commander of Ukraine’s armed forces, wrote on Friday on Fb. “We clearly know what we’re preventing for and we will certainly win.”

The Kremlin declined to touch upon the offensive and referred questions on it to the defence ministry, in response to Reuters.

The fast progress of Ukraine’s newest assault has threatened key Russian provide traces within the jap Donbas area and comes per week after Kyiv launched a separate offensive within the south, across the city of Kherson.

Each operations present Ukrainian forces, augmented with high-precision western weapons, taking the initiative after six months of being on the defensive.

“We see success in Kherson now, we see some success in Kharkiv and in order that could be very, very encouraging,” US defence secretary Lloyd Austin mentioned in Prague.

Collectively, the assaults have boosted nationwide morale, undermined Moscow’s plans to annex newly occupied territory with sham referendums, rebuilt navy momentum earlier than winter and served to indicate western allies that the huge quantities of navy and financial help showered on the nation is price it.

“What does efficient Ukrainian counter offensive inform the world?” presidential adviser Mykhailo Podolyak tweeted on Friday. That Ukraine has the power of taking again occupied territory and that “there might be no freezing of this battle”, he wrote. Ukraine has “proved that it may well successfully use trendy western weapons” and Russian “troops should get out [and] it should harm”, he added.

The newest offensive has been markedly sooner and extra profitable than the southern assault round Kherson. Its purpose, in response to analysts, appears to be to sever Russian provide traces and entice Russian forces round Izyum, a strategic flash level within the Donbas.

One purpose for the assault’s success, in response to Michael Kofman, lead Russia analyst on the CNA think-tank, is that Russian forces have been under-resourced after Russia “deployed most of its higher troops to Kherson” in anticipation of the long-expected Ukrainian assault there.

When Ukraine struck, Russian forces have been additionally “caught off guard, which resulted in an uncoordinated withdrawal”, mentioned Konrad Muzyka of Rochan Consulting, a navy advisory service primarily based in Poland.

Russian sources confirmed the onslaught in vivid accounts. In keeping with Igor Girkin, a former Russian intelligence officer who led separatist forces within the battle Moscow fomented in jap Ukraine in 2014, Ukrainian particular forces made lighting raids behind enemy traces “inflicting panic . . . destroying rear checkpoints, intercepting roads and transport columns”.

Dependable communications additionally led to Ukrainian forces being supported “by exact missile strikes”, whereas the Russian air drive was unable to inform “pal from foe within the mess”, Girkin wrote on Telegram.

So much can nonetheless go improper. The tempo of advance has been so fast that Ukrainian logistics could change into overstretched, warned Muzyka. Russia can also launch a counteroffensive from navy bases on the Russian facet of the border.

A woman holding a dog next to a damaged building
A lady walks previous a broken constructing in Kharkiv on Wednesday © Sergey Kozlov/EPA/Shutterstock

The Ukrainian financial system can also be struggling. Within the second quarter it shrank by over a 3rd, in response to official statistics, and western voters’ urge for food to proceed sending help to Ukraine could shrivel due to excessive power payments fuelled by the Kremlin’s squeeze on fuel provides to Europe.

“Army progress within the quick time period is important for the western coalition to carry collectively,” mentioned US scholar Francis Fukuyama. “If Ukraine can regain navy momentum earlier than the tip of 2022, it is going to be a lot simpler for leaders of western democracies to argue that their individuals ought to tighten their belts over the approaching winter,” he wrote.

Senior US officers additionally consider the tide could also be turning. William Burns, director of the CIA, mentioned on Thursday that whereas the final chapters of the battle stay unwritten, Russian president Vladimir Putin’s invasion appears to be like to be “a failure”.

Ukraine’s western allies have additionally promised to step up and maintain navy help. The US introduced one other $675mn of navy help this week. Austin mentioned the 50 nations that make up the so-called contact group would improve their defence industries after switching their focus to serving to Ukraine over the “lengthy haul”.

“Daily, we see the resolve of the allies and companions worldwide who’re serving to Ukraine resist Russia’s unlawful, imperial and indefensible battle of conquest,” the US defence secretary mentioned on Thursday. “We should evolve because the struggle evolves.”

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