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How to Pick Landscaping Plants

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Buying or building your house in the bosom of nature, you would like to acquire at the same time a “paradise” corner for the soul to rest. Build a separate world according to your understanding of beauty and comfort. Plants for landscape design, selected in accordance with the chosen style, will bring the dream as close as possible to fulfilment. In this article, we will make sure that you chose the right plants for decor for your perfect landscape design. Additional you will learn how to take care of them and make them as beautiful as they can be.

The main types of landscape design

The main goal of improving the territory is to achieve harmony with the surrounding world.

Knowing the type of landscape with its characteristic plants will save time and money for a novice designer and will help you choose the most suitable option.

The classic style assumes the presence of a large area of ​​the site. Symmetrical plantings, geometric shapes of flower beds, fancifully trimmed hedges, perfectly straight paths create the impression of majestic royal parks;

The natural design strives to get as close as possible to the wild nature: chaotic, at first glance, plantations of trees and shrubs; intricate paths lead to thickets; small lawns alternate with lush flower beds;

The oriental type is created for pacification and contemplation: evergreen perennials, decorated with the beauty of natural stone, are comfortably placed on a small piece of land. Miniature waterfalls and fountains help to reflect on the meaning of life;

The Mediterranean species amazes with the splendour of flowering trees and shrubs. Bright flower beds can easily complement the bright imagination of a person enjoying life.

Which plants to choose?

Evergreen trees

Conifers for landscape design are a wonderful choice when landscaping a site: fir, juniper, pine, spruce, cedar, thuja. The plot, planted with conifers, looks great at any time of the year, under various weather conditions.

However, when placing common conifers on the territory of the yard, you should remember what size young plantings can reach after a few years. It is advisable to choose trees with a long growth period or dwarf ones.

Juniper, thuja, larch easily tolerate pruning, taking amazing forms that can decorate the design of the site.

Flower bed decoration

Flower beds, regardless of the planted plants, are of 2 types:

Regular ones that are decorated with symmetrical plantings of flowers, approximately suitable for the flowering time. The strict geometric shapes of the flower bed signal the pedantry of the owner, who once and for all follows certain rules and laws;

Irregular flower beds are more suitable for natural landscape design: without observing the shape, chaotic planting of plants of different heights and timing of flowering.

Flowerbeds are distinguished by the method of selection and planting of plants – simple and multi-level.

Simple ones are designed in the form of a geometric figure: a circle, a rhombus, a triangle, a square, forming them at the level of the soil surface. Flowers should be of the same height. In most cases, they are of the same species with a variety of colors.

Multilevel flower beds are laid on an artificial elevation, completing with plants of different heights.

Despite the apparent disorder, planting flowers obeys certain rules, without which it is impossible to achieve harmonious fusion with nature:

For a flower garden, you need to choose a site that meets the usual conditions planned for planting vegetation: sunny side, partial shade, shade, the presence of water;

You should not choose inflorescence of all colors of the rainbow. 2 to 4 colors are enough for a harmonious combination;

The flower arrangement should increase in height from the edges to the middle of the flower bed;

It is advisable to plant flowerbeds with a patterned design with plants with the same long flowering period, otherwise, the shape of the structure will not be preserved;

Perennials with a short flowering period are recommended to be compacted with annuals to give the flower bed an attractive appearance for the whole season.

Vertical gardening

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Merging with nature is unthinkable without using:

hedge;

blooming arched openings;

decorating walls with climbing plants;

hanging flower pots with ample flowers;

vertical flower beds.

The use of liana-like plants for landscape design maximally decorates buildings, fences, architectural forms located on the site.

The pride of any landscape is an alpine slide, which displays the surrounding world in miniature. When choosing plants, you should adhere to certain rules:

  1. plants should not require constant care;
  2. vegetation should be chosen that is compatible with each other;
  3. the design of the slide should cause joy and peace at any time of the year;
  4. for planting on rock gardens, preference is given to undersized, dwarf, creeping, ground cover plants with a long period of growth.
  5. it is desirable that the main part is made up of perennials. Annual flowers with bright spots can revive the stone beauty of an alpine slide.

Rules to care for your landscape plants

Questions about plant care arise not only for beginners but also for experienced gardeners. As practice shows, planting a plant is not as difficult as taking care of it later. There are so many nuances to choose the right landing site. Know how to properly cut branches, water, feed, fight pests and diseases. The beauty, quality and health of flowers, beds, trees and shrubs on the site depend on proper care.

Comprehensive garden care includes knowledge of the basic rules and the use of suitable tools and preparations. Healthy plants are obtained by those who properly care for the soil, organise the necessary watering and protect the plants from diseases and pests.

1. Watering plants.

Any plant needs a sufficient amount of moisture. Taking into account the need of everyone, it is necessary to water correctly so that the plant does not dry out, but at the same time, it does not start to rot from excess water in the soil. It is important to consider the season of the year. Abundant watering is organised in spring and autumn, when the plants are blooming and bearing fruit. Harvest is in the fall and plants do not need frequent watering. In addition, the plants are preparing for the onset of cold weather and the growing season. Don’t forget about proper gardening tools. In this case, you will need a good quality gardening hose.

2. Loosening the soil.

This is surface tillage, without turning the layers. Thus, the surface crust is destroyed, oxygen penetrates deep into the roots more easily and the general condition of the soil improves. It is advisable to loosen the soil after heavy rain or heavy watering.

3. Weeding the soil.

Weeds take moisture and nutrients from the soil and thus interfere with cultivated plants. Therefore, it is so important to regularly remove weeds from plantings. Depending on the area you want to treat, mechanical and manual weeding can be carried out. Chemical – involves the use of herbicides to destroy weeds, which is unsafe for the crop. The choice is up to you, but, remember, the site will look well-groomed only if there are no weeds on it.

4. Plant fertilising.

The nutrients give plants green mass, flowering and abundant fruit. Healthy plants tolerate winter well, protect themselves from disease, and yield large yields. Use different fertilisers depending on crop preference and season of the year.

5. Crown formation and pruning.

Improper pruning of trees and shrubs can lead to stunted growth, reduced yields and even death. This is the most difficult type of work. Proper pruning rejuvenates the plant, encourages it to grow, and prolongs its life.

6. Protection from pests and diseases.

One plant that is diseased or infested with pests becomes a threat to the health of the entire garden. It is important to carry out diagnostics and seasonal preventive work to prevent the appearance of pests in the garden.

Conclusion

In order for the garden to delight you with its beauty, you will have to work hard. But with proper care, you will have fewer problems with plant pests and diseases. You don’t have to waste time and effort on additional work. Don’t forget that the choice of the right plants for your site is equally important, so make sure to think twice before making your perfect yard. We hope that our advice will come in handy.

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